Every citizen has the right to accessible and adequate housing and to reasonable standards of
sanitation as stipulated by article 43 (1) (b) of the Constitution of Kenya. The contrary has been
noted where we have increasing population in the slums which are unplanned settlements
characterized by unhealthy conditions. Government policies have been set to counter the
problem of housing accessibility but the same has not worked. Developers have provided a
number of houses but they do it for the main objective of profit making which still disallows the
low income earners the chance to accessible decent housing.
The study is organized into five chapters. Chapter one covers introductory section of the study;
chapter two contains a review of literature on affordability, sustainability and strategies of how
to bring down the cost of housing; chapter three research methodology that deals with the
method the author used to conduct the research; chapter four covers data presentation and
analysis which is the heart of research work where comparisons are made, arguments put
forward and where positive and logical steps are taken and discussed to arrive at major findings;
chapter five covers the findings, summary of conclusions, recommendations of the research and
research gap to be considered in the future.
The study was carried out between October 2013 to April 2014 aimed to develop concepts of
affordable and sustainable housing to the urban poor. The research strategy is both qualitative
and quantitative and was executed through sampled Umoja II units for the low income earners.
The target population was 4048 units developed into 8 Zones of the same characteristics which
led to simple random sampling to come up with Zone 2 where the research was undertaken to a
population of 125 which was arrived through random sample tables. The research informat
erviews and observations. Data was also sourced from
review of literature on previous research findings, text books including facts and statistics from
Kenya government.
The study established that Umoja II is unaffordable and partially sustainable to the low income
earners and therefore the study develops concepts for water efficiency, energy efficiency, waste
management system and affordable as well as available building materials for government and
developers to considered in the housing sector to create a decent Nation which is the vision 2030.