AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE BALANCING OF AGRICULTURE AND WILDLIFE RANCHING FOR ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY

ABSTRACT
The main objective of this study was to investigate the balancing of Agriculture and Wildlife
ranching for economic sustainability, with a case study of Laikipia County. The study
established the causes of conflict between agriculture and wildlife on land use, the measures
put in place to mitigate agriculture and wildlife conflict on land use by the local people, and
various ways in which a compromise can be reached for the purpose of safeguarding both
agriculture and wildlife conservation. The study is a descriptive survey in which
questionnaires and interview schedules were used to collect data. Data is analyzed using
descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentages, mean and standard deviation. The study
concludes that the balancing of agriculture and wildlife ranching for economic sustainability
is greatly influenced by conflicts between agricultural activities and wildlife. The conflict is
mainly caused by: competition with livestock for pasture and water: overgrazing, proximity
to the park, conflicts of interest over benefits accruing from wildlife, competition for space,
poverty, destruction of infrastructure, lack of compensation for destruction of property by
animals, low compensation for people killed by wild animals, ineffective techniques for
controlling problem animals, competition and lack of involvement in tourism business,
inefficiency and abuse of compensation procedures, uncontrolled animal movements and
migrations, hosting and transmission of major livestock diseases, illegal hunting and trade in
wildlife products and adverse climatic changes. Farmers living near parks are not happy with
the destruction of crops by wild animals, attacks by the animals and conflict over pasture and
water resources. Conflicts between agriculture and wildlife can be mitigated through: good
husbandry practices, voluntary relocation, education and training activities and direct
compensation in the event of loss.
 

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MAUREEN MUTEMI M B.R.E 2014.pdf1.42 MB