The purpose of this study was to investigate the role the newly incorporated county governments
can play in provision of affordable housing in Kenya. This is considering that the people‟s
expectations of affordable space, privacy, comfort and convenience availability will continue to
increase among Kenyans and especially the urban poor. It is therefore important that the county
governments blend in to meet these expectations through improving affordable housing supply in
the country.
The study aimed at achieving three objectives which were; to determine the factors that lead to
under provision of affordable housing in Nairobi County, to determine the manifestations of
under provision of affordable housing in Nairobi County and to finally recommend the possible
measures that the county governments can adapt to ensure provision of affordable housing.
The study adopted quantitative survey research design that entailed a simple random sampling of
the population under study. The researchers‟ sample size of 60 was ideal for this method of
sampling. The primary data for the study was collected through oral interviews as well as
structured self-administered questionnaires. The rest of the data was collected from published
and unpublished sources. Data collected was then presented in form of charts, bar graphs, tables
and percentages.
Findings of this study revealed that the main factors that lead to under provision of affordable
housing in Nairobi County are lack of construction finance, lack of access to land and costly
building materials. Most dominant manifestations of affordable housing in Nairobi County were
overcrowding and sharing of inadequate services such as sanitation, informal land markets,
informal settlements and poor living standards due to over expenditure on inflated rents.
The study recommends that in order to address the under provision of affordable housing in
Kenya, the County Government has to play a significant role at the county level. The counties
can invite housing investors, partner with National Housing Cooperation and private investors
and can regulate land use and building standards within their respective jurisdiction in favour of
development of low cost housing.

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