CHALLENGES OF SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL IN URBAN AREAS CASE STUDY: DANDORA DUMPSITE

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CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Pollution is the introduction of harmful substances into the environment. Waste management is
the collection, transport, processing, recycling or disposal and monitoring of waste materials.
Solid waste means garbage or refuse. It is normally that which is not usable by the source
anymore. Solid waste has many sources, among them are: industries, households and hospitals.
When solid waste is not managed properly by the relevant stakeholders, it leads to pollution.
There are various classifications of pollution like air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution
and soil pollution just to mention a few.
There are various methods of dealing with waste and dumping is only one of them, and it is the
least preferred among all he other methods. Pollution is a major problem in the world. This is
because it is aggravated mainly by increase in population, industrialization and urbanization. Due
to the mentioned factors, proper ways of solid waste management should be used to ensure a
clean and safe environment for the inhabitants of an area. This also goes a long way in protecting
the environment.
With increasing population levels and the emergence of consumer oriented economies, rising
incomes, urbanization and rapid industrialization, the volumes of solid waste not only in Kenya
but also worldwide is bound to keep escalating. This reality is shocking noting the present state
of solid waste disposal especially in less developed countries. Presently only about 12.5% of
solid garbage is disposed off formally in less developed countries. (UN HABITAT, 2002)
As we continue to look at dumping, it is important to note that local authorities should come up
with carefully planned methods of ensuring that waste is disposed off in the correct manner. This
is particularly important in areas with high popula
r entities that generate waste should play a role in proper waste
management. This just shows how pollution is a problem caused by many hence should be dealt
with by not only one group of people.

 

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