AN INVESTIGATION ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF APPLICATION OF TIME MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES BY CONTRACTORS

ABSTRACT
The increased investment in the infrastructure development notably in building sector needs to be
met with efficiency in the management of the time meant for it as well as ensuring the value for
money to the client is realized in construction the projects. Thus the need for more effective and
proficient construction time controlling techniques to be applied during construction process. The
study proposition was that, application of time controlling techniques is not carried out to a
satisfactory degree by contractors during the construction process in the Kenyan building Industry.
The study objectives were to examine the time control approaches aimed at reducing and
minimizing the overall project of building projects during building process, to establish the extent
of application of time controlling techniques by contractors during construction process in building
industry and finally to identify the problems faced by contractors in application of available tools
in controlling time on sites in building projects. To achieve the objectives, the research was carried
out by administering questionnaires and conducting interviews of 48 National Construction
Authority Category 2 (NCA2) construction firms.
The researcher came up with a number of findings .There was a high degree of inadequacies in the
traditional time control systems as compared to the innovative ones. The rating by majority of the
respondents shows that the traditional time control systems like approximation and trial and error
are more open to aspects of time control inadequacies such as post-contract variations,
measurement errors and extension of time. The issues behind the time control inadequacies in
application of time control techniques are wide and varied. The change in the scope of the project
due to the change in client’s requirements is the most notable cause. Multiple and different
meanings in specifications feature as a serious issue which can lead to claim for variations as far
as time extension is concerned. The study concludes that application of time control techniques by
contractors is not effectively and efficiently practiced in Kenya. However, the respondents agreed
to the opinion that if effectively implemented, adequate application of time control techniques
during construction process will help creating more value for the client’s money by curbing the
instances of cost and time overruns rampant in most construction projects in Kenya. The study
recommends appraisal review of time control and time monitoring techniques to be encouraged to
take advantage of the various benefits presented by the newer non-traditional and new wave of
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time monitoring techniques by contractors in time planning and control practices during project
implementation.