AN INVESTIGATIVE STUDY INTO THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE ADOPTION OF CLOUD COMPUTING AS AN INNOVATIVE DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN THE KENYAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY.

ABSTRACT
Every Sector in the Kenyan economy is struggling to deal with the tremendous growth in information and technology. Every organization is making effort to harness technological benefits from pertinent innovation so as to remain relevant and compete favorably. Cloud computing phenomenon is one of the latest technological advancements that has attracted incredible interest from organizations. It is not only a technological innovation but also a generational shift in database management with probable advancements in data storage, management, access and virtual information sharing through the internet.
The study was concerned with the Factors That Affect the Adoption of Cloud computing as an Innovative Database Management System in the Kenyan Construction Industry. It was guided by the following research objectives: To establish the prevalence of Cloud computing adoption in the Kenyan Construction industry, To ascertain the awareness with regards to costs involved with adoption of Cloud computing influence the decision to adopt Cloud computing in the Kenyan Construction industry; and To establish the most suitable Cloud computing model for the Construction industry.
The study employed a descriptive study targeting the construction based firms such as Architectural firms, Quantity surveying firms, Engineering firms, and Construction companies within Nairobi County. The study collected primary data from 38 of these respondents using questionnaires. Professionals from Cloud service providers in Kenya were also orally interviewed Data was analysed using simple descriptive statistical methods such as, frequencies and percentages.
The study found out that the majority of the respondents were male and in major decision making positions. Most of the firms had more than 10 employees and had been in existence for more than 20 years. Most of the firms had computer literate employees and had computerized most of their services. The study established that most firms in the Construction industry in Nairobi County, had adopted Cloud computing while a majority of the firms that don’t use Cloud computing could consider adopting the same in future. Most of the firms consider cost as an important factor before making decisions to adopt cloud computing, they however believe that the general cost of adopting Cloud computing is high. The research established that most of the firms in the Kenyan Construction industry had managed to use Cloud computing technique in storage
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and sharing of data and information previously. The study also found out that most of the firms in the Construction industry prefer Private Cloud model as their cloud service delivery model. The study however established Hybrid Cloud as the most recommended model for firms in the Construction industry. Further research should be conducted on all the players in the Construction industry in Kenya to establish the level of Cloud computing as a competitive advantage in the industry and further research should also be done to identify the role of learning institutions in facilitating the diffusion of Cloud computing as an innovative database management system.
The research recommends that leaders and the frontiers of the IT departments in the construction firms in Kenya embrace technological advancements so as to benefit from Cloud computing. The study recommends that the firms in the Construction industry in Kenya should adopt Cloud computing as a future strategic technological and economic tool for competitive advantage.