THE DETERMINATION OF THE RELATIVE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE VARIABLES AFFECTING PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT IN PERI-URBAN AREAS: A CASE STUDY OF ONGATA RONGAI

ABSTRACT
The research is centered on the determination of the relative significance of variables
that affect the effective supply of residential private development in peri-urban areas
primarily Ongata Rongai. These factors or variables all have a bearing on the cost of
construction and are labor, materials, land acquisition and availability thereof,
effective demand, infrastructure and financing. Property development is a process that
involves changing in intensifying the use of land to produce buildings for occupation
where raw materials such as land, labor, materials, infrastructure, finance and
professional services are required.
The objective of the study was to investigate each of these factors individually and to
determine their relative significance aided by the framework designed in the
methodology section. The significance of the test was to determine the conformance
of the development process in practice against the ideal standards set out by
authorities identified in the theoretical framework section.
Any observed and identified variations identified via data analysis informed the
conclusions made about the study and inferences about the data aided in the
determination of recommendations that are critical in the advancing of construction
processes in the area. The study clearly outlined the gist of the research in an effort to
guide the determination and attainment of the key objective which is the
determination of the relative significance of the key variables that influence private
residential property development in the area.
The relevant data was collected from the field in a period of two weeks and subjected
to various data analysis methods such as multiple linear regression .It was established
that all the development variables studied herein significantly affect development of
property and that amongst them, land proved to be relatively the most significant
variable affecting development.
Amongst the findings of the data analysis was that the middle income earner is the
target market for private residential property developers with 67.5% of the sampled
respondents agreeing. Also, it was established that while there were many
requirements that the prospective tenants considered critical before purchasing or
renting property, the 27.50% of the sampled developers who provided all such
requirements which were security, well maintained access roads, uncongested
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premises, parking facilities, adequate waste collection and drainage procedures,
availability of piped water and internet facilities stood the best chance at securing
tenancy. Following closely were the 17.5% of the developers who majorly provided
drainage facilities and piped clean water separately.
Amongst the conclusions that were drawn from the data, it was evident that the
adequacy of infrastructural facilities provided by local council in Ongata Rongai is
poor. The drainage systems are not very well networked to service the town such that
the developer has to reasonably finance their construction. The availability of reliable
piped water in the town is wanting and developers have to find creative ways of
providing piped water to their developments.
Finally, amongst the recommendations put forward, it was suggested that the supply
of piped water provided by the local council is dependent on the scale of public land
in the area. Majority of the land in Ongata Rongai is privately owned such that even
where such public amenities are provided by the local council, the ability of the
council to charge rates and accrue finance is severely limited.
Amongst the areas of further research suggested in this research was the relative
significance of the development variables affecting the supply of residential property
in other peri-urban areas as well as the role the local council plays in promoting
increased construction activities in peri-urban areas.

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