|Degree Code:||BRE||Degree Name:||BACHELOR OF REAL ESTATE|
|Degree Description:||Click to View|
BACHELOR OF REAL ESTATE
The degree programme in Bachelor of Real Estate (B. Real Estate) is intended to replace the current degree programme in B.A (Land Economics), which has been offered since 1967 in the then Department of Land Development
|Admission Requirements||View Details|
Applicants must satisfy the minimum University of Nairobi General Admission criteria as provided for under statute XXII. In addition, applicants with the following qualifications will be eligible for consideration for admission into the degree programme:
Cluster 1: Mathematics
Cluster II: English or Kiswahili
Cluster III: Physics or Chemistry or Biology or Accounts or Commerce or Economics
Cluster IV: Geography or Agriculture or History or Building Construction or Drawing and Design or Woodwork;
(b) KACE (‘A’ Level) Applicants or Equivalent: Two Principal Passes in any one of the following subjects: Economics, History, Geography, Commerce, or any other relevant subject, and a credit pass in the English language and Mathematics at KCE level or equivalent.
(c) Diploma Holders: Kenya National Examinations Council (KNEC) Diploma or its equivalent in: Building Construction, Architectural Studies, Land Surveying and Civil Engineering; or Diploma in Estate Agency and Property Management from University of Nairobi or any other institution of higher learning recognized by the University of Nairobi Senate.
(d) Degree Holders: A holder of a University degree or its equivalent from a recognized University in the following areas: Architecture, Engineering, Design, Economics, Quantity Surveying, Construction Management, Commerce, Building Economics and Planning.
|Credit Transfers & Exemptions||View Details|
A candidate seeking a credit transfer for any course or courses shall send a formal application on the prescribed forms to the Academic Registrar through the normal university procedures attaching relevant documents.
No exemption shall be considered for Diploma, studios/portfolios and research project. Exemptions shall not exceed 1/3 of the total number of course units. For a course to be considered for exemption a candidate should have attained a Credit at Higher Diploma or in a Degree and it shall not apply to the last two years of study. Exemptions and credit transfers shall be governed by guidelines and regulations of the University of Nairobi.
|Level : 1|
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|BRE 101||Physical Environment||45||View Description|
Physical Environment Description
The course is aimed at enabling students to develop and appreciate the basic understanding of geological processes and their applications to the management of natural and distributed systems. Topics covered include position, origin and structure of the earth, geological time scale, importance of geology in land evaluation for land development; minerals; properties and classes of minerals; rocks: types of rocks: igneous rocks, their classification and processes: volcanic processes; sedimentary rocks; processes and environments; metamorphic processes of rocks; faulting and earthquakes: types of earthquakes; earthquake locations and magnitudes, volcanoes, weathering: soil formation; soil erosion; effects of weathering on structures and agricultural land, ground water and surface water: geologic evidence of climate change; sources of construction and ornamental stones.
|BRE 103||Real Estate Statistics I||45||View Description|
Real Estate Statistics I Description
This course covers basic concepts of statistics and probability theory. Topics covered include importance of statistics; professional responsibilities of statisticians; use of statistics in science; statistics and scientific method; descriptive statistics: variables and data frames; graphics data displays; frequency distributions; arithmetic mean, the mode, median, proportions and other measures of central tendency; measures of dispersion, distance measures, range, fractiles, variance, the standard deviation; probability theory: rules of probability; counting techniques-permutations, combinations. The properties of binomial distribution-bernouli conditions, use of binomial distribution. The binomial, normal and poisson distributions; fitting theoretical distribution to sample frequency distributions; use of standard normal tables.
|BRE 105||Microeconomics||45||View Description|
The course introduces basic concepts and principles of microeconomics. Topics covered include the nature of economics and economic systems, methods of allocating economic resources, theories of production and consumer choice; the role of markets and prices in a decentralized system; the theory of distribution and pricing of the factors of production; demand and supply; individual and market demand; elasticities of demand – income, cross etc.; household and firm behaviour and demand curve; marginal utility. Indifference theories.
|BRE 107||Architectural Drawing And Design||60||View Description|
Architectural Drawing And Design Description
The course equips the student with the basic language used in the designing and drawing worldwide including mastering drawing and presentation techniques. Topics covered include basic elements of architectural drawing, equipment and instruments used, method and purpose of use; graphic communication in architecture-bubble diagrams; schematic plans, sketches, presentation drawings, working drawings; consideration of solid geometry and scaled drawings in presentation of scale drawings-in orthographic projections, sections, elevations, isometric and axonometric projection; construction of different scales and their use in practice; measured drawings; lettering of various types; conventional colouring and hatching to present different materials; principles of perspective drawings; model making in building design-types of models and scales used; consideration design process with an example of a small house-importance of various spaces linking and relationship between various spaces; the relationship and concepts of space and enclosures.
|BRE 109||Environmental Science||45||View Description|
Environmental Science Description
The course is aimed at enabling students to promote and appreciate the basic understanding of the composition of the natural environments and illustrate the effects of human activities that contribute to the imbalance of the natural ecosystems. The course comprises of two parts namely, ecology and climatology:
Basic ecological concepts of the biosphere, atmosphere and geo-sphere; definition of Ecology; ecological hierarchies and scales; bio-geochemical cycles; concept of ecosystems and factors controlling the distribution and abundance of living things in nature; ecosystems: population: growth rate; population interactions and succession – primary, secondary and climax; community change biodiversity– survival, extinction; Ecological processes: photosynthesis, respiration, transpiration; Locations- aquatic, marine and terrestrial ecosystems; biomes; Interactions among biotic and abiotic components: Predation, Parasitism, Competition, commensalisms, mutualism; impacts of human activities on ecosystems; Soil/community modification; measuring productivity: Primary Productivity; Energy transfer; biomass numbers; ecological benefits and limitations: rainfall, temperature, soil deficiencies; human activities in the environment – farming, industrialization, tourism etc and their effects; ecosystem degradation: destruction of habitats, Introduction of toxic chemicals into ecosystems: effects on drinking water,
Introduction to climatology: climatology as a discipline; current climate observations; atmospheric composition and structure- atmospheric circulation and the hydrological cycle; radiation, energy and climate –global energy balance, absorption and emission, the ozone layer and “Greenhouse” effects, cloud radiation effects; climate classification – temperate climates, tropical climates, weather systems, regional variations: impacts of vegetation and land use change; relationship between environment quality and earth processes; pollution and control methods; applied climatology- agro-climatology, urban climatology.
|BRE 111||Elements Of Law And Government||45||View Description|
Elements Of Law And Government Description
The purpose of this course is to provide a general survey of law and its administration. It acquaints the student with the structure, role and function of central and local government authorities in Kenya and their relationships. Topics covered include nature of law and its attributes, the courts and their procedures, sources of law including statutes and delegated legislation (by local authorities, statutory agencies etc), common law and equity, case law and judicial precedent. The legislative process and rules of statutory interpretation, legal personality, natural persons and corporations, administrative tribunals.
|BRE 113||Environmental Building Services||45||View Description|
Environmental Building Services Description
This course introduces the student to the study of building services and provides the fundamental understanding on the importance of building services provision for proper environmental control and optimum human comfort. Topics covered include introduction to the nature, types and functions of different types of building services; actors involved in the provision of building services; functions and responsibilities of the public and non-public sectors in the provision of external and internal building services; laws and regulations relevant to the provisions of building services; day lighting, thermal comfort and ventilation systems in buildings; water supply and distribution; principles of drainage and waste water management; principles of solid waste management in buildings; sources of energy in buildings; principles of electrical supply, transmission and distribution; fire safety in buildings; security in buildings; specialized services such as lifts, escalators, air conditioning; specific needs of persons with disabilities; principles of sustainability in building services provision.
|CCA 001||Communication Skills||45||View Description|
Communication Skills Description
The purpose of this course is to enhance critical reading and thinking skills in addition to creating an understanding of the nature of the relationship between communication culture and organizational communication. Topics covered include; Overview of the communication process, types and forms of communication in relation to reading, writing and speaking skills, the nature of the reading process with focus on the evaluation of bottom-up top-down and interactive models; Intercultural communication, functional communication skills; important factors in readability: cohesion, coherence, sentence lengthy and complexity organization, paragraph structure and reader strategy; fundamental factors in effective process; principles of development in expressive, informative argumentative and persuasive skills, exploring words and meanings: denotations, connotations, metaphors, euphe and clichés; report writing; writing a research or library paper; plagiarism and how to avoid it; transcoding; mechanics of oral presentation techniques in seminars; tutorials, public places; listening in academic contexts. Information skills; information sources: types of libraries; reference works and techniques; information technology; evaluation sources; classification schemes.
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|BRE 100||Real Estate Statistics Ii||45||View Description|
Real Estate Statistics Ii Description
Statistical estimation theory: estimation of parameters, unbiased estimates; efficient estimates; points estimates; interval estimates and their reliability; confidence interval estimates of population parameters; means, proportions and standard deviations; statistical decision theory, tests of hypothesis and significance: basic concepts of hypothesis testing; null hypothesis; tests of hypothesis and significance; tests involving normal distribution; one tailed and two tailed tests using mean and proportions; selecting a statistical test-power of a test. non-parametric statistics: the student’s t; chi-square test; analysis of variance-one-two way. regression and correlation: regression analysis; curve fitting and method of least squares; statistical inferences using regression line; correlation analysis; multiple regression and correlation; curvilinear regression
|BRE 102||Macroeconomics||45||View Description|
The course introduces the student to the basic concepts and principles of macroeconomics. Topics covered include: the functioning of a modern market economy; the determination of national income and its distribution; the composition of output, growth role of government; spending, regulation, taxation and fiscal policy; theories for the determination and evolution of macroeconomic aggregates such as GDP, unemployment rates, inflation rates, and rates of interest; macroeconomic theories and models, their assumption, applications and limitations. Economic growth, fiscal and monetary policies.
|BRE 104||Building Technology I||60||View Description|
Building Technology I Description
Introduction to the concepts of structures in buildings; forms and structural behaviour under various loads and building performance; building elements: types of foundations, strips, raft. Walls; masonry, monolithic, frame. Roof; pitched, flat, construction detail, covering and waterproofing. Floors; solid floors and timber floors construction details. Building components: window types, functions and construction details on wall openings. Doors: types, functions and construction details on wall openings. Methods of building: traditional and conventional system.
|BRE 106||Introduction To Computing||45||View Description|
Introduction To Computing Description
This course introduces student to the basic concepts of computer systems, information processing, and statistical computations. Topics covered include: Introduction to computers. Information processing: text and word processing nature of algorithms, file sorting and merging; file structures and file organization; introduction to database and management of information systems, the concept of problem oriented languages with information systems, compound and conditional statements; application of software and use of packages; micro processors and personal computers including their operating systems; creating and using PC-DOS files, the PC-DOS commands; Introduction to data processing – databases, spreadsheets, statistical packages and Networking – communication.
|BRE 108||Law Of Contract And Tort||45||View Description|
Law Of Contract And Tort Description
These two common law courses are designed to provide (a) basis for the study of conveyance and (b) an examination of the legal protection afforded against interference by others with the security of one’s personal property and doctrines that are of special concern in situations involving contracts and landed property. Topics covered include formation of contract, the terms of contract, capacity of parties, mistake, misrepresentation, duress, non-disclosure, fraud, illegality, remedies for breach of contract, privity of contract, assignment and negotiability, agency, discharge of contracts relating to land; general principles of liability in tort, trespass to goods, person and property; introduction to torts connected with the organization and occupation of land with special reference to notions of trespass, nuisance and negligence, professional negligence, remedies for tort, extinction of liability.
|BRE 110||Mathematics For Real Estate||45||View Description|
Mathematics For Real Estate Description
The course provides an introduction to the basic variety of numerical processes, mathematical models and necessary financial mathematics skills relevant to real estate business and finance, valuation and management: Topics covered include; fractions, decimals and percentages. Sequence and series: definition, arithmetic sequence, and geometric sequence. Simple interest and simple discount: equation of value, partial payments, compound interest: accumulated value, equivalent rates, and discounted value. Annuities: ordinary and other simple annuities, amortization and sinking fund: amortization of a debt, outstanding principal, mortgage interest and principal, sinking fund methods, comparison of amortization. Appreciation and depreciation, calculation of the rate of return to investment; construction and use of valuation tables: the mathematics of valuation and assessments based on Parry’s and Bawcock’s tables.
|CCS 007||Science And Technology In Development||45||View Description|
Science And Technology In Development Description
The purpose of the course is to expose the student to the importance of science and technology in development. Topics covered include: philosophy of science; development of science; the scientific method; the role of observation, measurement and experimentation; scientific theories and laws; research and scientific communication. Technology: science and technology in development; indigenous technology; industrial technology; technological innovations; biotechnology; technology transfer; appropriate technology; the concept and application of ethical aspects of technology; informatics; micro-electronics. The role of mathematics in advancement of science and technology.
|CCS 101||Hiv/aids||45||View Description|
Introduction to sex and sexuality; communicable diseases; HIV/AIDS; epidemiology; prevention and control of HIV infection; management of HIV related infections; legal and ethical issues in HIV/AIDS issues; HIV/AIDS as national disaster; recent advances and challenges in HIV/AIDS.
|Level : 2|
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|BRE 201||Introduction To Land Surveying||45||View Description|
Introduction To Land Surveying Description
Introduction: Brief history of land surveying and mapping, Uses and branches of surveying, Maps/plans and their scales, Transition from surveying and mapping to geo-information (GIS/RS/photogrammetry/cartography/satellite positioning, Relevance of GIS/Remote Sensing/photogrammetry in Real Estate Management (site analysis, physical planning and resource development); Methods & Principles of surveying: Basic principles, Plane coordinate systems, Basic measurements, Methods of surveying, Surveying equipment (tapes, theodilite, EDM, level, GPS, etc.); tape & Offset surveying, Traversing & Levelling: Equipment, Field procedures, Reduction of measurements, Plotting of the survey; Application of land surveying in Real Estate Management: Measurements to existing structures & building, Setting out of roads, boundaries and new construction; production of survey maps and plans.
|BRE 203||Microeconomic Theory||45||View Description|
Microeconomic Theory Description
Saving, investment and growth, multiplier theories, employment theory, marginal efficiency of investment and capital, inflation, stagflation, theory of business cycles, economic growth forecasting, poverty and inequality. applications of micro-economic theory to national economic development in developing countries.
|BRE 205||Building Technology Ii||45||View Description|
Building Technology Ii Description
Framed structures: multi-storey frames, structural materials, and performance under loads, movements/expansion joint. Pads and file foundations, underpinning, dewatering, retaining walls, basement tanking. Suspended floors: Types, performance and construction details. Concrete flat and pitched roofs, construction and water proofing details. Concrete stairs: Types, construction details. Cladding and formworks, pre-cast units, prefabrication and assembly.
|BRE 207||Law Of Real Property||45||View Description|
Law Of Real Property Description
This course introduces the Law of Real Property and deals with both the foundations of property law and property theory. Topics covered include: foundations of property law: colonial factors; importation of land law; colonial settlement; the structure and administration of land use in the African areas; impact of colonialism on African land relations/tenure; African land reform; Property Theory: the basic principles and nature of interests in land; types of rural land ownership systems: freehold, communal land, trust land, government land; The idea of property in land; classification and categories of property rights; primary property rights-fee simple estate, absolute estate, customary estates; leasehold property rights-creation and transfer, termination, obligation, enforcement, limits, rent Acts; licences; mortgages and charges-nature, creation and extinction, remedies; easements and profits; restrictive covenants; proprietary control-structure, concurrent ownership; trusts of land, power and duties of trustees, perpetuities.
|BRE 209||Business Law||45||View Description|
Business Law Description
Principles of agency with special reference to the authority of persons to act on behalf of others, particularly companies and partnerships; sale of goods; hire purchase and credit sales; outline of labour law; elements of insurance law; the structure of a company, including formation of a company; legal personality; construction of a company; memorandum of association and articles of association; The Companies’ Act, company administration, the executive, the management, members, secretary, share capital and debentures; dispute settlement in business transactions.
|BRE 211||Principles Of Agriculture And Forestry||45||View Description|
Principles Of Agriculture And Forestry Description
The course aims to introduce the students to the general principles of agriculture and forestry. Topics covered include introduction to agriculture; agricultural systems and practices; factors influencing agricultural production: climate, soils, vegetation, social-economics; principles of crop production: land preparation, plant propagation, fertilizer application, crop protection, harvesting and storage; principles of horticultural production: olericulture, floriculture and pomology; farm structures, machinery and power; water supply and irrigation; principles of livestock production: animal classification, nutrition and health; introduction to forestry; meaning and scope of forestry, forest classification; forestry benefits and products; forestry practice; silviculture; reproduction methods, intermediate operations, measuring the forests, harvesting; forest protection; agro-forestry: types and forms of agro-forestry, land use systems related to agro-forestry, choice of trees/shrub species, afforestration.
|BRE 213||Elements Of Urban And Regional Planning||45||View Description|
Elements Of Urban And Regional Planning Description
This course introduces students to design issues at the scale of urban and rural planning in order for the students to appreciate the constraining factors in the design of buildings in the context of urban design. Topics covered include: Introduction to historical development of urban centres in time; patterns of urban development in Africa with special reference to the East African region. Town planning by-laws and forward planning. Urbanization and the structure of cities components, city centre, central business district, industries, peri-urbanization, urban sprawl, recreational areas, residential neighbourhoods, the position of these components within the urban fabric and their inter-relationship with spatial growth needs. Transport systems and their role in urban development, suburban and shopping centres. Introduction to city growth theories and city growth patterns in developing countries. Urban land use pattern, mixed land use controls on urban land development. Consideration of development control systems and procedures. Professional responsibility in planning. Introduction to Geographical Information Systems and Global Positioning Systems and their application in planning.
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|BRE 200||Agricultural Economics And Management||45||View Description|
Agricultural Economics And Management Description
The course aims at introducing the students to the basic economic principles of agricultural management. Topics covered include: Agricultural law and policy: agricultural production functions; factors of production; economic optimization, cost, scale and size of production; Choice of products; Risk and uncertainty; Marketing and Management of agricultural resources, Farm management: Organization of farm resources – machinery, buildings, land; Farm enterprises and resource control; Agricultural planning and budgeting: Strategic planning, record keeping: constraints to agricultural management.
|BRE 202||Principles Of Valuation||45||View Description|
Principles Of Valuation Description
This course introduces the student to the basic concepts and principles of real estate valuation and investment analysis. Topics covered include: the nature of land ownership-property rights, principle types of interest v/s the quality of investment, the characteristics of an investment, investment/financial institutions, the theory of interest; the concept and theory of value; market value, the real estate market-functions, the principle types of real estate, investment characteristics of real estate; the valuation process and nature’s methods of property valuation- the market/comparison approach, the cost/contractor's test approach; income capitalization, profits method, valuations under statutory frameworks; valuation of both leasehold and freehold interests in real property.
|BRE 204||Macroeconomic Theory||45||View Description|
Macroeconomic Theory Description
National income accounting, money and banking; structure and performance of East African and underdeveloped world; theory of international trade as it applies to developing economies; trade and marketing organizations in East Africa; economic planning in Kenya; comparative analysis of East African Economic system-the Kenyan mixed economy and Tanzanian Ujamaa; inter-territorial trade and significance of the PTA; role of multinationals in African economies, the problems of public enterprises.
|BRE 206||Building Materials And Finishes||45||View Description|
Building Materials And Finishes Description
This course involves a detailed study of both building materials and their performance in construction and construction finishes and fittings in buildings; Kenya building by-laws and consideration of other standard specifications for building materials, consideration of manufacture, type, nature, properties, defects, uses etc of following building materials: concrete clay, timber and steel and their products; glass adhesives and mastic, water proofing materials and paints; finishes and fittings in buildings, including floors, walls, doors and windows; paneling; plastering and rendering; claddings; ceramic finishes; painting.
|BRE 208||Land Economics I||45||View Description|
Land Economics I Description
The course introduces the student to rural land use policies; the concepts of rural development including land use capacity, highest and best use, man-land ratio; the supply of rural land; the demand for rural land and its relation to population and resources; methods of accessing and allocating rural land for the various development projects; structure, operation and characteristics of the rural land markets; rural land values; rural land use standards, processes affecting rural land transfer and control; options for government intervention in rural land distribution, formal and informal land transfer; rural urban linkages and interdependency, rural economy and labour force; social and political dimensions of rural change.
|BRE 210||Principles Of Management||45||View Description|
Principles Of Management Description
The purpose of this course is to provide an introduction to the core principles of management. It discusses the nature and importance of studying management. Topics covered include: historical development of management thought; pre-classical, classical, neo-classical, and modern management theories. Functions of management, planning, organising, staffing, directing, coordinating and controlling, management process, decision-making theory, moral and social responsibility of management; various management styles, organization theory: function of organization structure; structural configuration and design; span of control; organization development; methods of achieving organizational improvement: organizational conflict and conflict resolution; organizational change: technology; size, organizational – environment interface.
|BRE 212||Property And Infrastructure Development||45||View Description|
Property And Infrastructure Development Description
This course covers concepts and principles of property development and investment; overview of property development; the development process; the construction industry; actors in the development process – public and private sector development; timing and rate of development; control of land and urban development; types of dwelling units and housing types – low, medium and high density residential developments; sectional title; introduction to commercial property development – office buildings, shopping centres, parking garages, industrial parks; finance for development and for public infrastructure; maintenance and repairs of local government infrastructure; infrastructure investment appraisal techniques; participation of non-public sectors in infrastructure development and investment; best practices in local government infrastructure development.
|Level : 3|
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|BRE 301||Applied Valuation I||45||View Description|
Applied Valuation I Description
The various forms of property valuations and appraisals cost-in-use; valuation of leasehold interests and freehold developments. Contemporary valuation methods including the comparative, profit, cost, investment and residual methods; advanced techniques in valuation and the application to more advanced examples of valuation for special purposes; statutory valuations and development; valuation for compulsory purchase; valuation for rating, hotels and leisure properties, petrol stations and garages, company assets, easements and way leaves.
|BRE 303||Principles Of Accounting And Financial Management||45||View Description|
Principles Of Accounting And Financial Management Description
The aim of the course is to acquaint the student with the basic concepts of financial accounting, and an understanding of the basic financial statements. Topics covered include; Introduction to Accounting, Office books of accounts, balance sheet and income statements, Trial balances, cash flow statement, budget estimates, the liquid assets and liabilities, Sources and instruments of capital markets, derivation of ratios, forecasting of future returns and performance, application of ratios in analysis of performance and valuation of real estate investments and use of forecast future cash flows in valuation of business enterprises.
|BRE 305||Natural Resource Economics||45||View Description|
Natural Resource Economics Description
The main goal of the course is to offer students an understanding of the notion of the economic theory, which analyzes processes of natural resources extraction, pricing, and consumption, the role that exhaustible natural resources play in economic development of modern societies; economic tools for use in decision making in natural resource management, measuring value of goods and services traded in markets, measuring value of non-market goods and services, benefit transfer, theory and application, reconciling differences environmental and natural resource accounting, economic instruments, economic incentive as policy instrument for natural resource environmental management and sustainable development; concepts and application.
|BRE 307||Land Administration And Information Systems||45||View Description|
Land Administration And Information Systems Description
This course provides the student with a basic understanding of the role of Information Systems in the management and administration of land resources. Topics covered include: Management information Systems and Organizational structures, Land Administration and Management land management instruments including change of user, extension and renewal of leases, subdivisions and approvals; principles of land information systems; Nature/Approaches to land information management Systems, legal and institutional frameworks for land management and administration; Cadastres and Types of land records/ conveyance instruments and implications to urban development,; ICT in Land Information Systems; Software applications in land management e.g. Geographic Information Systems; Land Information Systems in Sustainable Development, Data Management, LIS in Security of Tenure and Resource’s Governance, Contemporary issues in LIS in Kenya, regionally and globally
|BRE 309||Investment Appraisal And Analysis||45||View Description|
Investment Appraisal And Analysis Description
(Change of Code from BRE 304 to BRE 309 and Change of time of offer from second semester to first semester)
This course introduces the concepts and principles of investment appraisal with a view to examining their application in advanced real property valuation. Topics addressed include market analysis, investment performance measurement methods, after-tax operating and reversion cash flow projections, It includes: nature of investment-public, private; traditional investment appraisal methods-payback, profits/rate of return; discounted cash flow-net present value method, internal rate of return method, discounted payback, modified internal rate of return, present value and annual equivalent approaches to real estate and other investment’s appraisal.
|BRE 311||Land Economics Ii||45||View Description|
Land Economics Ii Description
The course considers economic and non-economic returns to land resources and the effects of these factors on the use and allocation of land resources. Topics covered include; land as a factor of production; scope and contents of land economics; the meaning of land in legal and economic theories, effects of interests on land use and development decision-making; the importance of land in an economy: the supply of land; Malthusian and other doctrines; the demand for land and its relation to population and resources; the land market and its characteristics; the nature of economic rent and theories of von Thunen, Ricardo, etc; the relationships of economic rent to contract arrangements, land/property values and land use allocation; concept of land value; development of the theory of location, land uses and land values, patterns of land use; effects of town planning on general level of land values, pattern of land values and issues concerning betterment and worsement; the concept of economic welfare, externalities and public goods and cost-benefit analysis.
|BRE 313||Entrepreneurial Studies||45||View Description|
Entrepreneurial Studies Description
Entrepreneurship; awareness, characteristics motivation, development, behavioural competencies, opportunities. Enterprise, definition, importance to national development plan, role of entrepreneur, government policy, identification of potential associates, launching and resourcing; formulation of business plan, description, market research, legal aspects, operation, budgets and sources of finances; evaluation of business environment; infrastructure, market condition, competition, incentives, price structure and cultural values.
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|BRE 300||Land Taxation||45||View Description|
Land Taxation Description
Theoretical and practical aspects of the property tax are examined, including determination of property values; the context of urban finance; components and definition of the tax base; principles of taxation, land and property taxation systems; assessment performance; tax rates and exemptions; rating information systems (cadastre, maps, and GIS); collection and appeal; responsibilities of policy makers and administrators; framework for real estate appraisal for property taxation; land taxation and land use; property assessment administrative system, stamp duty; theory and system of real estate taxation, classifications of taxes affecting land and property; capital gains tax; estate duty, gifts, service and user charges; rating taxation; valuation courts; betterment levy, development levy.
|BRE 302||Environmental Impact Assessment (eia) And Audits||45||View Description|
Environmental Impact Assessment (eia) And Audits Description
Introduction and overview of environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental audits (EA); main reasons for conducting EIA reports: policy and institutional arrangements for EIA systems; Importance of environmental protection, and the foundations of sustainable development. Co-relation between poverty and the environment, environmental management tools and systems: Polluter Pays Principle (PDP) and the Precautionary Principle (PC).
EIA/EA law especially the Environmental Management Coordination Act No. 8 of 1999 and The Environmental (Impact Assessment and Audit) Regulations, 2003, public involvement; screening; scooping; impact analysis; mitigation and impact management; reporting; review of EIA; quality; decision-making; implementation and follow-up; EIA project management; social impact assessment, strategic environmental assessment; future directions.
Other sectoral environmental laws in force in Kenya: Water Act, 2002, Forest Act 2005, Mining Act, the Wildlife Conservation and Management Act, Agriculture Act.
|BRE 304||Value And Risk Management||45||View Description|
Value And Risk Management Description
(Change of Code from 309 to BRE 304 and Change of time of offer from to first semester to second semester)
The course covers the essence of risk in real estate investment appraisal; Risk management throughout the construction project life cycle, managing risk at feasibility, planning and design and at construction stages, Risk analysis and cost benefit analysis; sensitivity analysis.
managing risk, measuring risk by the variability of returns; covariance and the correlation coefficient; mean-variance rule; measuring the return in real estate investments, improving risk-return relationship by diversification, the concept of an efficient portfolio, correlation and the gains from diversification, capital asset pricing model (CAPM), systematic and nonsystematic risk, the characteristic market line, capital asset pricing model and application real estate and other investments appraisal
|BRE 306||Contracts And Procurement In Real Estate Services||45||View Description|
Contracts And Procurement In Real Estate Services Description
Consideration of contemporary technological issues in international contracts and procurement practice; business organization appropriate for undertaking housing, valuation and property management business; global players in procurement of services. Procurement as a strategic management organizational tool; different procurement systems and tendering (bidding) methods; principles common to tendering methods; UNCITRAL model law and its application in procurement. Government procurement regulations and their application to real estate business.
|BRE 308||Real Estate Finance||45||View Description|
Real Estate Finance Description
The purpose of this course is to provide the student with a basic understanding of real estate finance including financial markets; adoption of credit rating systems; capital cost of infrastructure; introduction to corporate finance and investments, financial intermediaries. methods of raising equity, financing and property values; types of mortgage concepts of real estate securitisation; leveraging and capital structure; acquisition, development and construction finance; financing commercial real estate properties and ownership structures.
|BRE 310||Project Management Theory And Practice||45||View Description|
Project Management Theory And Practice Description
Introduction to project management, history of project management, project management body of knowledge. Consideration of a construction project: production operation management and project management distinguished. Project life cycle concepts as a management tool. Project sequence, developing a project life cycle. Management of the following aspects of a project: integration, scope management, procurement management, time management, quality management, team management, risk management, success and failure management, communication management, and cost management. Project planning and control. Project organization structures. Systems approach to project management, systems concepts, and usefulness of systems approach to project management.
|BRE 312||Research Methods||45||View Description|
Research Methods Description
Introduction to quantitative and qualitative paradigms in research. Identifying and stating research problems, objectives and hypotheses. Literature review including, introduction to theoretical frameworks and models. Using experimental, associational and comparative techniques in research. Defining populations, samples and sampling techniques. Data collection methods and procedures including observation, interviews and content analysis. Developing research instruments such as interview guides, checklists, questionnaires, etc. Pilot studies. Data analysis and interpretations. Writing research proposals and developing research budgets. The role of computer in the research process.
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|BRE 314||Industrial Attachment||8 Weeks||View Description|
Industrial Attachment Description
This eight-week programme is intended to provide students with relevant practical training and prepare them for future careers in the relevant industry. Students will undertake industrial attachment in relevant professional firms, government institutions and departments offering valuation, land administration, land and property management, or related services to get practical experience in the industry. On completion of the industrial attachment the students and qualified and professional valuation surveyors and property managers will be required to file a report with the department at the end of the attachment confirming work and projects accomplished by the student.
|Level : 4|
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|BRE 401||Information Communication Technology In Real Estate||45||View Description|
Information Communication Technology In Real Estate Description
(Change of Name from Application of information Communication Technology in Real Estate)
Trends in the use of ICT: (Computerization, Information Systems/GIS, e-government Geospatial Data Infrastructure (SDI); Need for ICT in Real Estate Management; Computer Aided Valuation Systems; Multiple Regression Analysis in property valuation; Use of GIS in property valuation; Online property management/online estate Agency.
|BRE 403||Property And Facilities Management||45||View Description|
Property And Facilities Management Description
(Merger of Former BRE 403: Property and Facilities Management I and BRE 406: Property and Facilities Management II
This course unit will introduce students to current principles of property and facilities management employed in professional practice. Topics covered include; definition of property and facilities management; functions and duties of a property/facilities manager in pre and post occupancy; administration of real estate; record keeping and data management; office block management; determining rental levels; tenant relations shopping centres classification; shopping center tenant mix; shopping center leasing process; security management; parking management; industrial facilities classification; industrial space leasing; industrial parks management; hospitals management; medical facilities management; educational institutions management; multi-residential units management under various forms of ownership: the Sectional Properties Act, recreation and sports facilities management, amenity landscape management. planning for effective facilities management; setting targets and strategy; establishment of the basis and criteria for space utilisation; establishing practices and procedures; building documentation; post occupancy evaluation
|BRE 405||Applied Valuation Ii: Plant And Machinery (code Change From Bre 411)||45||View Description|
Applied Valuation Ii: Plant And Machinery (code Change From Bre 411) Description
Role and function of plant and machinery valuer; differences in approach between engineer and valuer; statutory qualifications of an engineer; statutory qualifications of a valuer; role and function of a valuer in valuation of plant and machinery; fundamentals of plant and machinery valuation; distinguish between price, cost and value; common types of value; highest and best use in relation to plant and machinery; definition of terms used in plant and machinery valuation; value ingredients of plant and machinery; .methods of valuation of plant and machinery: cost approach; market approach; income approach; factors influencing estimation of life; retirement and remaining life; methods of estimating remaining life; computation of depreciation; computation of obsolescence; conducting plant and machinery valuation; terms of reference and valuation of strategy; physical identification of plant and machinery; collection and verification of data; reconciliation and report writing.
|BRE 407||Property Maintenance||45||View Description|
Property Maintenance Description
(Merger of former BRE 407: Construction Maintenance and BRE 410: Housing Maintenance)
This course is aimed at preparing students to get a broad appreciation of the principles of real property management, maintenance and preservation of the built environment and the operational routines inherent in the management and the execution of repair and maintenance of building and structures; deals with identification of the cause of defects/decay in building structures, materials, finishes; services; agencies causing decay and change of appearance in construction materials; methods of preservation; temporary support for defective buildings structures; performance testing assessments of durability; relationship between design and maintenance standards; maintenance policy; maintenance organizations structures; relationship between climate and maintenance; construction maintenance approaches such as repair, refurbishment, alterations, conversation, extensions and improvements of constructed facilities; structural surveying of constructed facilities and preparation of schedule of dilapidations; mechanical services and their maintenance; equipment for construction maintenance; maintenance cycles & profiles, cost control in maintenance works, organization of maintenance departments. Public Health Act and other statutory requirements.
|Course Code||Course Name||Course Hours|
|BRE 400||Professional Practice And Ethics||45||View Description|
Professional Practice And Ethics Description
This course examines the relationship between an owner and professional real estate valuers and property managers. It describes the rights duties inherent in the relationship and prepares the valuer/property manager for the complicated ethical issues he confronts on a daily basis. The knowledge and skills required by the professional in practice. Explore current practical issues; including plan and policy development for real estate issues in respect of urban, rural and environmental, consultation, environmental education, mediation, resource consents and the role of the expert witness. Corporate social responsibility, the social contract, changing values toward social responsibility, the business - Government interface, the model of ethics; Business ethic and the social audit. Professional ethics; Professional Institutes - roles and code of conduct; fees scales; professional indemnity insurance; conditions of engagement for consultants.
|BRE 402||Property Dispute Resolution||45||View Description|
Property Dispute Resolution Description
Sources of disputes in property valuations, investment appraisal and management contracts; types of conflict in property valuation, investment appraisal and management including rental assessment, apportionment of service charges, avoidance and reduction of conflict; contract agreements; basic modes of dispute settlement; principles of negotiations; facilitated negotiations and umpiring; the property manager as a negotiator. Alternative dispute resolution methods and their salient features; Arbitration; origin and development of arbitration law, sources of arbitration law, the requirements for arbitration, the law governing arbitration, role of courts in arbitration, consideration of Arbitration Act 1995, international arbitration (The Model law); arbitration agreements, arbitration reference, arbitrator and umpire, the arbitration process, procedural powers and duties of arbitrators, procedures at the hearing, evidence in arbitration, the award, forms of relief and remedies available in arbitration, arbitrations’ tarnished reputation; understanding the application of Alternative Dispute Resolution methods in property valuations and management contracts; Legal and Institutional framework behind Alternative Dispute Resolution methods in Kenya
|BRE 404||Housing Economics And Administration (code Change From Bre 410)||45||View Description|
Housing Economics And Administration (code Change From Bre 410) Description
A study of housing policy issues with special emphasis on housing issues in developing countries. Course topics to cover: housing problems and challenges; urban housing; rural housing; the role of housing in national development; Players in the housing market; Housing programmes; tenures and intervention strategies and housing inputs including sources of Finance, housing property economics, supply and demand analysis and their relationship to property, property productivity and marketability analysis – physical, legal and locational attributes, feasibility studies
housing allocation policies and methods; issues of development control and housing subsidization; housing rent control; taxation and housing; housing and the environment and health; housing the physically challenged and vulnerable groups; housing policy making process; housing policy formulation; housing policy goals and objectives;; identification of principle thematic issues; Legislative and institutional framework for housing and national housing policy for Kenya; comparative housing policies
|BRE 406||Land Management And Policy Studies||45||View Description|
Land Management And Policy Studies Description
(Merger of BRE 413: Land Policy Studies and BRE 412: Land Administration and Management)
This course provides the student with the basic understanding of principles of sustainable land management; environmental management Land management and policy making process; land policy formulation; identification of principle thematic issues; including rural land use, environment and informal sector, urban land use, environment and informal sector, land tenure and socio-cultural equity; land information management systems; legal framework; institutional and financing framework for implementation. comparative land policies studies, land policy concepts in developing countries, land tenure systems in African countries, current issues on customary land tenure and agricultural development, comparative land reform, economic and political attributes of land reform, land reform measures, land acquisition, consolidation and resettlement; gender and land policy/land use management.
|BRE 408||Applied Valuation Iii: Valuation Of Natural Resources (renamed From Bre 408: Applied Valuation Iii: Environmental And Natural Resources)||45||View Description|
Applied Valuation Iii: Valuation Of Natural Resources (renamed From Bre 408: Applied Valuation Iii: Environmental And Natural Resources) Description
Concept of total economic value (TEV); description and components of TEV, use value and non-use values; differences between economic valuation and financial analysis; valuation of nature and ecosystem services; methods for eliciting both market and non-market values from people for environmental goods and services; valuation using conventional market (market-based approach); replacement cost; valuation using implicit market (revealed preference) including the travel cost method; hedonic pricing method; valuation using artificial markets (stated preference) including proxy or related market goods; contingent valuation method based on the concept of willing-to-pay (WTP) and willing-to-accept (WTA); appraisal framework for wetland valuation; framework for valuing protected areas; valuation of ground water and the services it provides; valuation of minerals, optimal extraction, derivation of optimal initial price and life of mine from resources, natural resource damage assessment, integrating GIS/LIS and natural resource valuation, valuation of marine resources.
|BRE 410/411||Research Project (code Changed From Bre 404)||90 Hours||View Description|
Research Project (code Changed From Bre 404) Description
Each student will be required to identify a research project from any area of real estate, which must be contemporary, but of economic, sociological or of technological significance. The department must approve the research topic and the student will be given a supervisor. The examination of the research project will focus on the relevance and clear statement of the research problem, literature review, and appropriateness of the methodological approach, data presentation and logical discussion of both the findings and recommendations. It is to be continued in the second semester.
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