AN INVESTIGATION ON THE WAYS THAT ARTISANS/CRAFTSMEN CONTRIBUTE TO POOR WORKMANSHIP IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

ABSTRACT The Kenyan construction sector is one of the sectors that have a significant role to the economic development and growth. This is as it mostly creates employment opportunities as well as through the creation of products. The sector is faced by numerous challenges and among them is poor workmanship. Poor workmanship can either be brought about by workers that perform the task or the materials which are substandard which cannot achieve the required quality by employers. This research focuses on the ways in which the artisans can contribute to poor workmanship. It focuses mainly on the employment methods practised by contractors, the tools they use and their skills in terms of training and education.
According to this research, most of the contractors that filled the questionnaire use the subcontracting method of employing labour. This is because of its efficiency in productivity. In the production of quality works it is least. This is as the contractor has less control over the works done by them. He only has control over the subcontractor employed. The other one like direct employment by the site agents is also practised by the contractors. This whereby the site agent or the agent of the contractor is the one involved in the employment process. Here, there is likely high chances of quality workmanship especially in the instances where the site is small hence the agent can perform the supervision without much struggle. The findings also indicates that the companies that practise HRM office method is the most when achieving good workmanship. This is as they do thorough job analysis before they do the actual jog recruitment. The other contractors employ their own trained workers hence do not engage any employment process.
Most of the workers do not possess the required tools and equipment as seen by both contractors. They agree that for good workmanship to be achieved, artisans should possess all the required and appropriate tools to execute the works. In this regards, contractors are still nit keen in checking that the artisans have the right tools to carry out the works. This is influenced by the various employment methods used by the contractors. Therefore, most artisans do not have the required tools to execute the works, hence production of poor workmanship